What is the Difference Between ReactJS and React Native?


Logo of ReactJs and React Native
Logo of ReactJs and React Native

Some of the most popular web and mobile applications like Facebook, utilize ReactJS and React Native.

Today, ReactJS and React Native are utilized in the majority of web and mobile application development. These technologies are popularly known for creating mobile and web user interfaces (UI). However, sometimes, it becomes quite confusing to choose between the two for your upcoming mobile or web app development project.

Therefore, let us take a look at both these technologies’ features, benefits, drawbacks, and differences that will give you a clear picture of both.

What is React JS?

ReactJS is an open-source JavaScript library used to develop user interfaces of web applications. Jordan was the first person to perceive this technology in 2012. He developed the technology and later Facebook and Instagram deployed ReactJS.

You can efficiently integrate ReactJS with other libraries or existing code. It simplifies the development process for rapid, simple, and scalable web applications.

What is React Native?

After the emergence of ReactJS, Facebook intended to develop a cross-platform mobile framework to cope with the rising development requirements of the tech giant. Therefore, in March 2015, Facebook made the announcement about the launch and availability on Github.

Reactive Native is designed to offer reusable components to build native mobile applications and is based on JavaScript. With this technology, app developers were relieved from using several tools for different platforms. It empowers them to build applications across multiple platforms seamlessly. If you too want to develop such an application, Hire Best React Native Developers available in the market. 

Advantages of React JS

  1. Raging Speed with DOM

From the business viewpoint, one of the biggest benefits of ReactJS is its ability to offer high speed for developing websites and applications with the use of DOM (Document Object Model). Moreover, it provides an in-built data structure cache that calculates the subsequent modifications and informs the same to the browser’s DOM effortlessly.

It means that when the developer writes the code, only the modified sub-components are rendered. As a result, it offers the blazing speed for development.

  1. Effective Boost to SEO

The ability to render server-side boosts the SEO of an app or a webpage, which helps in attracting more organic traffic. The indexing and caching of the content increase with the revisiting of Google bot to a server that has already rendered images and content.

As a result, it gives a power boost to the overall SEO strategy of the website. Moreover, the loading time of the page reduces if the Google bot directly indexes the server-side content. With the increasing visibility of web-pages, the end users are bound to get enhanced user experience.

  1. Saves Time with Component-Based Architecture

ReactJS offers a component-based architecture that imposes reusing of components thereby reducing a great amount of time. Besides, this architecture converts bigger user-interface components into self-sufficing and independent microsystems.

  1. A Wide Network of Developer Tools

ReactJS consists of a wide range of community developers who have built a gigantic network of component libraries, tools, IDEs, web browsers, code editors, and more.

Moreover, the third-party extensions and tools have released a new horizon of a revolution that saves time and resources as well. All of these make ReactJS a popular choice for building innovative applications and websites.

Advantages of React Native

  1. Easy to Use Even by a Front-End Developer

As React Native uses JavaScript, even a front-end developer can build an app with ease and fast. Thus, they can create a website or an application with just the knowledge of JavaScript, a few native UI components, platform APIs, and some platform-specific designs.

It means that even non-programmers can develop applications without much hassle. As a result, the demand for this technology has increased for creating websites and apps.

  1. Offers Ready-To-Use UI Libraries

The component UI libraries have come up as a great help to developers using React Native, as they provide smooth UI experience.

Thus, these libraries save time in building them from scratch. A few of these include native base, Shoutem Expo, and more. They have empowered developers to focus more on concepts and innovation instead of creating libraries from scrape.

  1. Uses Platform-Specific Code

React Native allows you to generate platform-specific code while creating applications and websites, which also happens to be its USP. When building applications or websites, the framework immediately perceives the platform of the app, which helps in generating the exact code for the right platform.

  1. Fast Reloading Feature Reduces the Development Time

With React Native, developers can reload the mobile application automatically because of its Hot Reloading characteristic. As a result, the development process becomes faster, thereby saving time.

Major Differences Between ReactJS and React Native

  1. With ReactJS, developers can build appealing and high-performing UI layers. While React Native, being a framework, helps to develop cross-platform applications based on iOS and Android.
  2. ReactJS uses the Document Object Model (DOM) in browsers for rendering. However, React Native uses native APIs of the mobile platform for rendering the components.
  3. ReactJS uses CSS for styling while React Native uses stylesheet for the same purpose.
  4. The applications in ReactJS extract HTML in User Interface while React Native uses JSX (JavaScript) for the same purpose.
  5. ReactJS allows creating animation with the help of CSS similar to web development while in React Native, you need to use an animated API for incorporating animation across multiple components of the relevant application.
  6. ReactJS is basically derived from React DOM, which is used for web platforms. On the other hand, React Native is a self-derived framework, which offers the same workflow and syntax while allowing you to modify components.
  7. ReactJS is ideal for developing dynamic, responsive, and high-performing User Interface for web interfaces. On the other hand, you give your mobile applications a native feel with React Native.

Wrapping Up

Both ReactJS and React Native have proved their significance in web and mobile app development with their flexible features, community of developers, and significant library support.

However, every technology comes with its limitations along with benefits. Therefore, it is important to do the right research to find the technology that’s right for you. Once you are ready to develop, check out our list of wireframe tools to help you get started.

Written by Harikrishna Kundariya

Harikrishna Kundariya, a marketer, developer, IoT, ChatBot & Blockchain savvy, designer, co-founder, Director of eSparkBiz Technologies, A Mobile App Development Company. His 8+ experience enables him to provide digital solutions to new start-ups based on IoT and ChatBot.

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